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Armenian Studies Program

Articles by Dr. Dickran Kouymjian

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Dickran Kouymjian, “Preface, Lost Landscapes,” Helen Sheehan, Armenian Family Stories and Lost Landscapes – Ermeni Aile Öyküleri ve Kayip Mekanlar, exhibition catalogue, 14 January – 8 February 2015, Istanbul: Depo, 2015, pp. 6-9, 80.


2014 Kouymjian, D., “Préface,” Haroutioun Khatchatrian and Michel Basmadjian, L'art des khatchkars. Les pierres à croix arméniennes d'Ispahan et de Jérusalem, Paris: Geuthner, 2014, pp. 5-8.

2014 Kouymjian, D., “The Role of Armenian Potters of Kutahia in the Ottoman Ceramic Industry,” Richard Hovannisian, ed., Armenian Communities in Asia Minor, vol. 13, Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces, Costa Mesa: Mazda Publishers, 2014, pp. 107-130.

2014 Kouymjian, D.,  “Preface,” Armenian Rugs and Textiles. An Overview of Examples from Four Centuries, Exhibition catalogue, Vienna: Armenian Rugs Society, 2014, pp. 5-8.

2014 Kouymjian, D., “The Berlin Dragon-Phoenix Carpet and Its Probable Armenian Origin,” Armenian Rugs and Textiles. An Overview of Examples from Four Centuries, Exhibition catalogue, Vienna: Armenian Rugs Society, 2014, pp. 16-31.

2014 Kouymjian, D., “An Armenian Liturgical Curtain,” Cleveland Art, The Cleveland Museum of Art Members Magazine, September/October 2014, pp. 12-13.

2014 Kouymjian, D., “The Year of the Armenian Book: The 500th Anniversary of Armenian Printing,” Journal of the Society for Armenian Studies 22 (2013, published 2014), pp. 309-330.

2014 Kouymjian, D., “Vézelay, the Arabs, and the Armenians,” in Claude Mutafian, ed., La Méditerranée des Arméniens, XIIe - XVe siècle, Paris: Geuthner, 2014, pp. 375-388, plus 12 color illus.

2014 Kouymjian, D., “Between Amsterdam and Constantinople: The Impact of Printing on Armenian Culture,” Die Kunst der Armenier im östlichen Europa, Marina Dmitrieva and Balint Kovacs, eds., Köln-Weimar-Vienna: Böhlau Verlag, 2014, pp. 19-26, pls. 1-2

2014  Kouymjian, D., “The Archaeology of the Armenian Manuscript: Codicology, Paleography and Beyond,” Valentine Calzolari, ed., with the collaboration of Michael Stone, Armenian Philology in the Modern Era: From Manuscript to Digital Text, Leiden: Brill, 2014, pp. 5-22.

2014 Kouymjian, D., "Nina G. Garsoïan: A Professor Who Incubated Scholars, a Scholar Who Vitalized an Historical Era," Journal of Armenian Studies, vol. X, nos. 1-2 (2012-2013, published 2014), pp. 145-152.

2014 Kouymjian, D. “The Melitene Group of Armenian Miniature Painting in the Eleventh Century,” Armenian Kesaria/Kayseri and Cappadocia, proceedings of the conference, in the series Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces,UCLA, May 17, 2003, Richard Hovannisian, ed., Costa Mesa: Mazda, 2013, pp. 79-115.


2013 Kouymjian, D., “Chinese Dragons and Phoenixes among the Armenians,” in Civilizational Contribution of Armenia in the History of the Silk Road, Erevan: Armenian Academy of Sciences, 2012, published 2013, pp. 227-253.

2013 Kouymjian, D.,  “Notes on Armenian Codicology. Part 2. Armenian Palaeography: Dating the Major Scripts,” Comparative Oriental Manuscript Studies Newsletter, no. 6 (July 2013), pp. 22-28.

2013 Kouymjian, D., “Serguei Paradjanov. La tétralogie qui manquait,” review of a four DVD set, Montparnasse Classiques, Nouvelles d’Arménie magazine, no. 196 (May, 2013), p. 78.


2012 Kouymjian, D., "Insignes de souveraineté de Léon le Magnifique, roi Arménien de Cilicie," Caucasus between East and West. Historical and Philological Studies in Honour of Zaza Aleksidze, Dali Chitunashvili, ed., Tbilisi: National Center of Manuscripts, 2012, pp. 413-419.

2012 Kouymjian, D., “Did Byzantine Iconography Influence the Large Cycle of the Life of Alexander the Great in Armenian Manuscripts?” Byzantium and Renaissances. Dialogue of Cultures, Heritage of Antiquity, Tradition and Modernity, Michala Janochy et al, eds., Warsaw: University of Warsaw, 2012, pp. 209-216, figures 61-70.

2012 Kouymjian, D., “The Holy Mother of God Armenian Church in Famagusta,” Appendix IV: “Armenian Manuscript Colophons from Famagusta and Cyprus,” Appendix V: “Typed Notes by M[onica] Bardswell, February 1937 from Conway Library, Courtauld Institute,” Medieval and Renaissance Famagusta: Studies in Architecture, Art and History, Michael J. K. Walsh, Peter W. Edbury, Nicholas S. H. Coureas, eds., Franham: Ashgate, 2012, pp. 133-146, 301-305, 307-309.

2012 Kouymjian, D., "Chinese Dragons and Phoenixes among the Armenians," in Caucasus during the Mongol Period — Der Kaukasus in der Mongolenzeit, editor Jürgen Tubach (Hrsg.); Sophia G. Vashalomidze (Hrsg.): Manfred Zimmer (Hrsg.) Reichert Verlag, Wiesbaden 2012, pp. 107-127.

2012 Kouymjian, D., "Notes on Armenian Codicology. Part 1: Statistics Based on Surveys of Armenian Manuscripts," Comparative Oriental Manuscript Studies Newsletter no. 4 (July 2012), pp. 18-23.


2011 Kouymjian, D.,  “L’enluminure arménienne médiévale, Arménie, Impressions d’une civilization,” sous la direction de Gabriella Uluhogian, Boghos Levon Zekiyan, Vartan Karapetian,  Exhibition on the Occasion of the Fifth Centenary of Armenian Printing, Venice, Correr, 14 Dec-10 April 2012, Milan: Skira, 2011, pp. 91-97. Italian, English, French editions.

2011 Kouymjian, D.,  “Armenian Medieval Illumination, Armenia. Imprints of a Civilization,” Gabriella Uluhogian, Boghos Levon Zekiyan, Vartan Karapetian, eds., Exhibition on the Occasion of the Fifth Centenary of Armenian Printing, Venice, Correr, 14 Dec-10 April 2012, Milan: Skira, 2011, pp. 91-97. Italian, English, French editions

2011 Kouymjian, D.,  “Reflections on Objects with Armenian Inscriptions from the Pre-Twentieth Century Diaspora,” Series Byzantina, IX (2011), pp. 99-111.

2011 Kouymjian, D., “The Crime Against Cultural Heritage and Historical Memory: The Question of Abandoned Property,” The Crime of Genocide: Prevention, Condemnation and Elimination of Consequences, ed. Aram Harutyunyan, Erevan: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2011, pp. 178-186.

2011 Kouymjian D., “L’art de l’enluminure. The Art of Miniature Painting,” Artsakh-Karabagh. Jardin des arts et des traditions arméniens. Garden of Armenian Arts and Traditions, sous la direction/edited by Dickran Kouymjian et Claude Mutafian, Paris: Somogy Art Publishers, 2011, pp. 104-137.

2011 Kouymjian D., Review of Annemarie Weyl Carr, Cyprus and the Devotional Arts of Byzantium in the Era of the Crusades (2005), in al-Masaq Islam and the Medieval Mediterranean, vol. 23/1 (2011), pp. 67-70.


2010 Kouymjian, D.  "Review of Grigoris Balakian, Armenian Golgotha: A Memoir of the Armenian Genocide, 1915–1918," transl. and ed. Peter Balakian with Aris Sevag (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2009), in Holocaust and Genocide Studies, vol. 24, no. 2 (2010), pp. 321-324.

PDF 2010 Kouymjian, D. "An Interpretation of Bagratid and Artsruni Art and Ceremony. A Review Essay of Lynn Jones, Betweeen Islam and Byzantium," Journal of the Society for Armenian Studies, vol. 18, no. 2 (2009), pp. 111-131.

PDF 2010 Kouymjian, D., "Jean Maurice Fiey," Saints Syriaques, Princeton, 2004, in Al-Masaq, 22: 1, 108 — 109.

PDF 2010 Kouymjian, D.,"Le rôle des potiers arméniens de Kütahya dans l’histoire de la céramique ottomane," Des serviteur fidèles, Maxime Yevadian, ed., Sources d'Arménie, Montélimar, 2010, pp. 64-85.


2009 Kouymjian, D. “Follow and the Apprenticeship of William Saroyan,” Young Saroyan, Follow and other Early Writings, edited by William B. Secrest Jr, Introduction by Dickran Kouymjian, Fresno: The Press at California State University, Fresno, 2009, pp. vii-xxxviii.

2009 Kouymjian, D.,"The Armenian Right Arm Reliquary of St. Nicholas," Studies in Honor of Thomas F. Mathews,  edited by Joseph D. Alchermes, Mainz: Verlag Philipp von Zabern, 2009, pp. 223-229, plus pl. 24.

2009 Kouymjian, D., "The Importance of the Cilician Museum Collection for the History of Armenian Liturgical Metalwork," Culture of Cilician Armenian, Antelias, Jan. 2008, Hask Armenological Yearbook, N.S. vol. 11(2007-8, published2009), pp. 439-447.


2008 Kouymjian, D., “Post-Byzantine Armenian Bookbinding and Its Relationship to the Greek Tradition,” proceedings of an international conference Athens, Greece, October 13-16, 2005, Vivlioamphiasts 3. The Book in Byzantium: Byzantine and Post-Byzantine Bookbinding, Niki Tsironis, editor, Athens, 2008, pp. 163-176.

2008 Kouymjian, D., “From Manuscript to Printed Book: Armenian Bookbinding from the Sixteenth to the Nineteenth Century,” Printing and Publishing from the Middle East, Papers from the Second International Symposium on the History of Printing and Publishing in the Languages and Countries of the Middle East, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, 2-4 November 2005, Philip Sadgrove, ed.,  Journal of Semitic Studies, Supplement 24, Oxford, 2008, pp. 13-21, 276-297 (plates).

2008 Kouymjian, D., “The Intrusion of East Asian Imagery in thirteenth Century Armenia: Political and Cultural Exchanges along the Silk Road” The Journey of Maps and Images on the Silk Road, Philippe Forêt and Andreas Kaplony, eds., Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2008, pp. 119-133, pls. 12-19.

2008 Kouymjian, D., “Cilicia and Its Catholicosate from the Fall of the Kingdom to 1915,” Armenian Cilicia, UCLA Armenian History and Culture Series, Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces, Richard G. Hovannisian and Simon Payaslian, eds. (Costa Mesa: Mazda, 2008), pp. 297-307.


2007 Kouymjian, D., "Armenia Textiles: An Overview," English version of an article entitled, "Textiles arméniens: une riche palette," Trames d'Arménie : tapis et broderies sur les chemins de l'exil (1900-1940), Muséon Arlaten, 16 June 2007–6 January 2008, catalogue Dominique Serena, ed. (Arles, 2007), pp. 29-35.


2006 Kouymjian, D., "Armenian Bookbinding from Manuscript to Printed Book (Sixteenth to Nineteenth Century)," Gazette du livre médiéval, n° 49, automne 2006, pp. 1-14.

PDF 2006 Kouymjian, D., "Chinese Motifs in Thirteenth-Century Armenian Art: The Mongol Connection," Beyond the Legacy of Genghis Khan, Linda Komaroff editor, Leiden: Brill, 2006, pp. 303-324, pls. 23-25, figs. 58-67.


PDF 2005 Kouymjian, D., "The Right Hand of St. Gregory and other Armenian Arm Relics," Les objets de la mémoire. Pour une approche comparatiste des reliques et de leur culte, Philippe Borgeaud and Youri Volokhine, eds. (Geneva: Peter Lang, 2005), pp. 215-240.

PDF 2005 Kouymjian, D., "Sirarpie Der Nersessian (1896-1989). Pioneer of Armenian Art History," Women Medievalists and the Academy, Jane Chance, ed. (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2005), pp. 482-493.


2003 Kouymjian, D., “When Does Genocide End? The Armenian Case,” The Armenian Weekly, vol. 69, no. 15 (April 12, 2003), pp. 8-9.


2002 Kouymjian, D., Review of Robert Thomson, The Lawcode ["Datastanagirk'"] of Mxit'ar Gosh, Dutch Studies in Armenian Language and Literature, No. 6, Amsterdam-Atlanta: Editions Rodopi, 2000, in Speculum, vol. 77/3 (July 2002), pp. 1026-27.


2001 Kouymjian, D., "Preface," for the catalogue of the exhibit Modern Icons: Contemporary Artists and the Legacy of the Armenian Illuminated Manuscripts, Brand Library and Art Center, Glendale Library,15 September- 20 October 2001, pp. 2-3.


2000 Kouymjian, D., “Visual Perceptions of Van through Travel Accounts,” Van, Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces, vol. 1, Richard Hovannisian, ed. (Costa Mesa: Mazda, 2000), pp. 108-122.

2000 Kouymjian, D., “Van under the Mongol, Turkmen, Persian, and Ottoman Domination,” Van, Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces, vol. 1, Richard Hovannisian, ed. (Costa Mesa: Mazda, 2000), pp. 78-93.


1999 Kouymjian, D., "Confiscation and Destruction: A Manifestation of the Genocidal Process," Armenian Forum, vol.1, no. 3 (Autumn 1998), pp. 1-12, the original French version published as "La confiscation des biens et la destruction des monuments historiques comme manifestations du processus génocidaire," L'Actualite du Genocide des Armeniens, Paris, 1999, pp. 213-224, is available here:

1999 Kouymjian, D., "L'iconographie de l'Histoire d'Alexandre le Grand dans les manuscrits arméniens," Alexandre le Grand dans les littératures occidentales et proche-orientales. Actes du Colloque de Paris, 27-29 novembre 1997, Laurence Harf-Lancner, Claire Kappler et François Suard, eds. (Nanterre: Université Paris X, 1999), pp. 95-112, with six color plates.


1998 Kouymjian, D., "A Unique Armeno-Greek Papyrus", Etudes Coptes V, edited by M. Rassart-Debergh, Paris, Louvain: Editions Peeters, 1998, pp. 165-169.

1998 Kouymjian, D., "Armenia in the Age of Columbus," Armenian Mind, vol. II, no. 1 (1998), pp. 109-126.

1998 Kouymjian, D., "Der Kuenstler William Saroyan," ADK (Armenisch-Deutsche Korrespondenz), 1998, no. 4, pp. 32-33.


1997 Kouymjian, D. “Armenian Paleography: A Reassessment,” Scribes et manuscrits du Moyen-Orient, François Déroche and Francis Richard, eds., Paris: Bibliothèque nationale de France, 1997, pp. 177-188.

PDF 1997 Kouymjian, D., "Armenia from the Fall of the Cilician Kingdom (1375) to the Forced Emigration under Shah Abbas (1604)," The Armenian People from Ancient to Modern Times, Richard Hovannisian, editor (New York: St. Martin Press, 1997), vol. 2, pp. 1-50.

1997 Kouymjian, D., "Identifying the Apostles in Armenian Narrative Miniatures," From Byzantium to Iran: Armenian Studies in Honour of Nina G. Garsoïan, Jean-Pierre Mahé and Robert W. Thomson, editors, Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1997, pp. 453-474.


1996 Kouymjian, D. “A Unique Armenian Papyrus,” Acts of the Vth International Conference on Armenian Linguistics, D. Sakayan, ed. (Delmar, N.Y.: Caravan Books, 1996), pp. 381-386.


PDF 1995 Kouymjian, D., "Armenian Iconography: A New Approach," Journal of the Society for Armenian Studies, vol. 6 (1992, 1993, issued 1995), pp. 201-222.

1995 Kouymjian, D., "Art In Exile: Armenian Artists of the Nineteenth & Twentieth Centuries," published in German as "[Armenischen] Künstler in der Diaspora," Armenien, Wiederentdeckung einer alten Kulturlandschaft, exhibition catalogue, 14 January-17 April 1995, Bochum: Bochum Museum, 1995, pp. 363-366, illustrated.

1995 Kouymjian, D., "Whitman and Saroyan: Singing the Song of America," Walt Whitman Quarterly Review, vol. 10, no. 1 (Summer, 1992), pp.16-24, anthologized in Critical Essays on William Saroyan, edited by Harry Keyishian, New York: Simon & Schuster Macmillan, 1995, pp. 72-80.

1995 Kouymjian, D., Reviews of Bernard Coulie, Répertoire des bibliothèques et des catalogues de manuscrits arméniens, Turnhout, 1992, and idem, Répertoire des manuscrits arméniens/Census of Armenian Manuscripts, Liste des sigle sutilisés pour designer les manuscrits, Leiden, 1994, published in the Journal of the Society for Armenian Studies, vol. 6 (1992-3, issued 1995), pp. 255-258.


1994 Kouymjian, D., "Filmmaking in the Armenian Diaspora of America," The material in this essay was taken from two earlier articles: Dickran Kouymjian, "Le Cinéma arménien aux Etats-Unis," Armenia, Paris, June (1984), pp. 44-48, and D. Kouymjian, "Les Arméniens et le cinéma américan," Le Cinéma Arménien, Paris: Centre Georges Pompidou, 1993, pp. 104-122.

1994 Kouymjian, D., "From Disintegration to Reintegration: Armenians at the Start of the Modern Era, XVIth-XVIIth Centurie," Revue du Monde Arménien, vol. I (1994), pp. 9-18.


1993 Kouymjian, D., "The Evolution of Armenian Gospel Illumination: The Formative Period (9th-11th Centuries)," Armenian and the Bible, edited by Christoph Burchard, Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1993, pp. 125-142.

1993 Kouymjian, D., "Les Arméniens et le cinéma américan," Le Cinéma Arménien, Paris: Centre Georges Pompidou, 1993, pp. 104-122.


1992 Kouymjian, D., "Armenian Art: An Overview," An article for a project that never material, based essentially on the author's The Arts of Armenia, Lisbon: Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, 1992.

1992 Kouymjian, D., "Les Arméniens aux Etats-Unis," published in a special issue Arménie : 3000 ans d'histoire, of Les Dossiers d'Archéologie, Paris, no. 177, December 1992, pp. 136-138.

1992 Kouymjian, D., Review of Robert Thomson, The History of Lazar P'arpec'i published in the Armenian Review, vol. 45, no.3 (Autumn 1992, published April 1994), pp. 72-74.
1992 Kouymjian, Dickran. "Whitman and Saroyan: Singing the Song of America." Walt Whitman Quarterly Review 10 (Summer 1992), pp. 16-24.


1991 Kouymjian, D., "Les tapis à inscriptions arméniennes," R. H. Kévorkian and Berdj Achdjian, Tapis et textiles arméniens (Marseille, 1991), pp. 67-72.

1991/2003 Kouymjian, D., Excerpt from Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism, vol. 137, Gale, 2003, pages 172-186, Introduction to Warsaw Visitor and Tales from the Vienna Streets: The Last Two Plays of William Saroyan, Fresno: California State University Press, 1991" pp. 1-37; also online Gale Literature Resource Center.


1990 Kouymjian, D., "Le sort des monuments architecturaux arméniens depuis les voyages de H. F. B. Lynch," Fragments d'un discours d'Arménie : photographies originales de H. F. B. Lynch, Artemis and Berdj Achdjian, editors, Paris, 1990, pp. 3-7.

1990/2007 Kouymjian, D., "Requiem pour Paradjanov. Réflexions à propos d’un collage," Haratch, Art and Thought (October, 1990), p. 3, reprinted Paradjanov le magnifique, 13 February—2 April 2007, catalogue (Paris: École nationale supérieure des beaux-arts, 2007), pp. 156-159.


1989 Kouymjian, D., "The Status of Artists and Intellectuals in Soviet Armenia," Armenian Review, vol.42, no. 3 (167), Autumn, (1989, published 1990), pp. 53-62.


Kouymjian, D., “Chinese Influences on Armenian Miniature Painting in the Mongol Period,” Armenian Studies/Études arméniennes: In Memoriam Haïg Berbérian (Lisbon: Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, 1986), pp. 415-468.

1986 Kouymjian, D., Introduction to Dickran Kouymjian, William Saroyan: An Armenian Trilogy, edited with an introduction and glossary (Fresno: The Press at California State University, 1986), 195 pages, 57 illustrations, pp. 1-38. PDF PDF Version

1986 Baltrusaitis, Jurgis & Dickran Kouymjian, "Julfa on the Arax and Its Funerary Monuments," Armenian Studies/Études arméniennes: In Memoriam Haïg Berbérian, Dickran Kouymjian editor (Lisbon: Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, 1986), pp. 9-53.


1984 Kouymjian, D., "Destruction des monuments historiques arméniens, poursuite de la politique de génocide," Le Crime de Silence (Flammarion, Paris, 1984), pp. 295-310; English trans., "The Destruction of Armenian Historical Monuments as a Continuation of the Turkish Policy of Genocide," The Crime of Silence, Permanent Peoples' Tribunal (London: Zed, 1985), pp. 173-185.


1983 Kouymjian, D., “Dated Armenian Manuscripts as a Statistical Tool for Armenian History,” Medieval Armenian Culture, T. Samuelian and M. Stone, eds., University of Pennsylvania Armenian Texts and Studies, vol. 6 (Chico, CA, 1983), pp. 425-439.


Kouymjian, D. “A Note on the Background of Haratch and Saroyan’s Writing Technique,” William Saroyan Festival Program (Fresno, 1981), pp. 12-13.

1981 Kouymjian, D., "The Classical Tradition in Armenian Art," Revue des études arméniennes, vol. XV (1981), pp. 263-288.

1981 Kouymjian, D., "Letter to William Saroyan," International Herald Tribune, June 5, 1981.


1980 Kouymjian, “The Iconography of the ‘Coronation’ Trams of King Levon II,” Essays on Armenian Numismatics in Honor of Fr. Clement Sibilian, Dickran Kouymjian and Y. T. Nercessian editors, Armenian Numismatic Journal, series I, vol. IV (1978), Los Angeles: Armenian Numismatic Society, 1980, pp. 67-74..


PDF 1978 Kouymjian, D., "The Problem of the Zoomorphic Figure in the Iconography of Armenian Pentecost: A Preliminary Report," Atti del Primo Simposio Internazionale de Arte Armena, Bergamo, 1975 (Venice, 1978), pp. 403-413.


1976 Kouymjian, D., “Three Unique Coins of the Eldiguzid Atabegs of Northwestern Iran,” Actes du 8ème congrès international de numismatique (Paris-Basel, 1976), pp. 527-541.


1974 Kouymjian, D., and Angèle Kapoïan, “The Museum Calouste Built: Islamic Art in the Gulbenkian Art Museum in Lisbon,” Aramco World Magazine, vol. 25, no. 5 (1974), pp. 6-11; Armenian trans., Patanekan ardzagang, vol. 39 (Beirut, 1974), pp. 266-274.

1974 Kouymjian, D., "On the Historical Tracks of the Ererouk Basilica," Hask, Antelias, vol. XLIII, nos. 7-8 (1974), pp. 296-310 (in Armenian); Italian trans., "Traccie storiche della basilica di Ererouk," Ricerca sull' Architettura Armena, vol. 15, Fonti, II, Milan, 1977, pp. 57-72.


1973 Kouymjian, D. “Problems of Medieval Armenian and Muslim Historiography: The Mxit‘ar of Ani Fragment,” International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, vol. 4, no. 4 (1973), pp. 465-475.


1969 Kouymjian, D., "A Numismatic History of Southeastern Caucasia and Adharbayjan Based on the Islamic Coinage of the 5th/11th to the 7th/13th Centuries," doctoral dissertation, Armenian Studies Program, Near and Middle Eastern Languages and Civilization (Columbia University, New York, 1969), iii, xii, 466 pages, Ann Arbor: University Microfilms, no. 70-17,025.


1965 Kouymjian, D. “A Rare Example of Medieval Art: The Church of Aght‘amar,” review article of Sirarpie Der Nersessian, Aght‘amar, Church of the Holy Cross (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1965), and M. S. Ip?iroglu, Die Kirche von Achtamar (Berlin & Mainz, 1963), Ararat, New York, vol. VI, no. 4 (1965), pp. 83-88.

1965 Kouymjian, D. “The Ethos of a People,” Artin K. Shalian, David of Sassoun. The Armenian Folk Epic in Four Cycles (Athens, Ohio, 1964), Ararat, New York, vol. VI, no. 3 (1965), pp. 55-58.